Eastdale Collegiate high school
By Lilian Schaer
Toronto’s South Riverdale neighbourhood – also known as Leslieville/Riverside – isn’t one usually associated with farming and food production.
However, Eastdale Collegiate, a small, inner city high school near Broadview and Gerrard, is changing that. An innovative approach combining a culinary program with a rooftop garden is teaching students where their food comes from, building life skills, and instilling healthy eating habits.
Students in the school’s culinary program prepare the food for the cafeteria, feeding between 30 and 60 people daily. Culinary instructor Jan Main says the students make from scratch a daily soup, quiche or pasta, salad and four types of sandwiches, as well as baking all the bread, biscuits, squares and sweets they use.
“The veggie wrap is now our most popular sandwich, which is great because many students didn’t know what this was when we first started serving it,” she says. “For many students, fast food and frozen food was all they knew, and now they’re eating salads and asking for things like pesto, which we make for pizza, pastas and appetizers.”
Not only does this emphasize healthy eating, she adds, but the program also gives students the opportunity to learn job skills, building their confidence. In addition to the school cafeteria, meals are also prepared for catered and community events, such as the Recipe for Change fundraiser in support of FoodShare Toronto’s Field to Table Schools program.
A perfect complement to the culinary program is Eastdale’s new School Grown Rooftop, a garden on the school’s roof established last year in a partnership between the Field to Table Schools program and the Toronto District School Board (TDSB).
The 16,000 square foot roof was a tennis court in a previous life, so its reinforced structure made it ideal for the garden project, says James Davis, School Food Innovations Coordinator with FoodShare.
In its first year, the Eastdale garden produced five types of hot and sweet peppers, beets, basil and mushrooms. This year, it has been expanded to also include salad greens, radishes, blueberries, raspberries, goji and thimble berries, tomatoes, kale, and green and purple beans.
“We focus on small scale production of high value, quick succession crops that are sold at farmers’ markets and local restaurants,” Davis says. “For example, we sell cut greens in bags instead of head lettuce because that’s a higher value and they sell well. We also look for varieties that look beautiful on a market table.”
Two rows of the 240 planters on the roof are reserved for Main’s culinary students, as well as science students and members of the school’s gardening club, to decide what to plant. The rest are planted according to a crop plan developed by farm manager Katie German, which Davis says has made a real difference in revenue. A similar garden project at Scarborough’s Bendale Business and Technical Institute produced what Davis calls a “hodgepodge” of produce in its first three years, but when a crop plan was developed by German in 2013, they noticed a dramatic increase in sales.
“With a full-time farm manager we were able to develop a crop plan,” he says. “We sold $1,300 of produce two years ago at the market stand at the school, but by changing what we grow, when we harvest and the presentation, we did $14,500 in sales in 2013. Now our goal is $20,000 in sales this year.”
Thanks to funding from the TDSB, six Eastdale students and six Bendale students are working full-time in the two school gardens for seven weeks this summer, responsible for growing, maintaining and harvesting produce, as well as preparing restaurant orders and working their stalls at two local farmers’ markets.
In addition to production farming, the School Grown Rooftop’s two other main objectives are education and hosting events. During the school year, the gardening club as well as science, culinary and special education classes work in the garden. The culinary and science students harvested beets last year, for example, and pickled them as part of their in-class learning.
“These are kids who have never seen anything grow before so it is a whole educational experience for them,” says Main, adding that FoodShare also does workshops with elementary school students.
A special eating area called Dan’s Table is dedicated to the memory of Dan DeMatteis, former chef at Café Belong in the Evergreen Brickworks who believed in good, local, well-cooked food. A year-end school barbecue was held in the space last month, for example, and students are encouraged to use the area.
Over 1,000 people toured the rooftop garden and its adjoining classroom as part of the Doors Open Toronto event earlier this year and Davis says the vision is to use part of the space to host events like film screenings, weddings or outdoor yoga classes.
“We have lots of students here who love to grow food and work here,” says Ange, a Grade 12 student at Eastdale who is working in the garden this summer. “My favourite part is everything; you have to try everything to know what you like to do. I wanted to have fun this summer and I am; I’m going to remember this always.”
This article is one in a series produced by Farm & Food Care Ontario. The stories highlight innovative initiatives in the areas of animal welfare and environmental stewardship in Ontario agriculture. To submit a profile idea, email firstname.lastname@example.org